Saturday, January 24, 2009

Facebook As A Social Search Engine And The Implications For Libraries ...

Facebook as a social search engine and the implications for libraries in the twenty-first century / Mark-Shane Scale

Library Hi Tech / 2008 / 26 (4) / pp. 540 - 556 / DOI: 10.1108/0737883081092088


The primary objectives of this research paper are to explore the concept of social search, evaluate the performance of Facebook as a social search engine, and to understand the relationship between social networking sites (SNS) and social search. The author's intention is to examine the possibility that Facebook presents as the future of on-line search and the implications for libraries.


This study reviews the literature on SNSs, Facebook studies, and the concept of social search. It then explores Facebook as a social search engine through participant observation, personal experience and experiment. [snip]


Facebook as a people search engine, yields irrelevant results in response to search queries for unknown persons or groups. Facebook may also fail to provide timely and relevant results when attempting to get information from persons with whom the user has a weak relationship. [snip]

The findings are relevant for library and information science academics and professional practitioners.


The author provides an approach for evaluating the quality of information retrieval in social search using the traditional information retrieval evaluation methods of library and information scientists. [snip]

Select References

1. Arrington, M. (2007), "People search business just got more complicated as Facebook enters market", TechCrunch

3. Bennett, J. (2007), "What you like: the goal of social search is to combine Facebook's personal touch with Google's speed", Newswee

6. Buck, R. (2007), "Social search: what it is and why it's not going away", TechNewsWorld

7. Charnigo, L., Barnett-Ellis, P. (2007), "Checking out the impact of a digital trend on academic libraries", Information Technology and Libraries, Vol.26, No. 1, pp 23-34

9. De Rosa, C., Cantrell, J., Havens, A., Hawk, J., Jenkins, L., Gauder, B., Limes, R., Cellentani, D. (2007), Sharing, Privacy and Trust in Our Networked World: A Report to the OCLC Membership

13. Ellison, N.B., Steinfield, C., Lampe, C. (2007), "The benefits of Facebook ‘friends’: social capital and college students' use of online social network sites", Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Vol.12, No. 4,

17. Fox, V. (2007), "Searching for people in all the new social places", Information Today, Vol.24, No. 8, pp 25-

18. Harder, G. (2006), "Connecting the dots: social software and the social nature of libraries", Feliciter, Vol.52, No. 2, pp 54-5

19. Jin, Y., Ishizuka, M., Matsuo, Y. (2008), "Extracting inter-firm networks from the world wide web using a general-purpose search engine", Online Information Review, Vol.32, No. 2, pp 196-210

20. Jones, H., Soltren, J.H. (2005), "Facebook: threats to privacy"

23. Levy, S. (2007), "Facebook grows up", Newsweek, pp 41-

25. Mathews, B. (2007), "Online social networking", Library 2.0 and Beyond: Innovative Technologies and Tomorrow's user,

26. Raskin, R. (2006), "Facebook faces its future", Young Consumers, Vol.7, No. 2, pp 56-8

30. Sadeh, T. (2007), "Time for a change: new approaches for a new generation of library users", New Library World, Vol.108, No. 7/8, pp 307-16

31. Sharma, D. (2007), "Social search guide: 40+ social search engines",

32. Sherman, C. (2006), "What's the big deal with social search?", Search Engine Watch

34. Spink, A., Jansen, B.J., Pedersen, J. (2004), "Searching for people on web search engines", Journal of Documentation, Vol.60, No. 3, pp 266-78

38. Tancer, B. (2008), "Is Facebook the future of search?", Times,

39. Taylor, P. (2008), "Two faces of people search",

41. Watts, D.J., Dodds, P.S., Newman, M.E.J. (2002), "Identity and search in social networks", Science, Vol.296, No. 5571, pp 1302-

42. Yadav, S. (2006), "Facebook: the complete biography", Machable

Thursday, January 22, 2009

Horizon Report 2009

Horizon Report 2009 Profiles Six Key Emerging Technologies for Higher Education

Today the
New Media Consortium (NMC) and the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI) jointly released the 2009 Horizon Report at the ELI Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida. The annual Horizon Report describes the continuing work of the NMC’s Horizon Project, a research-oriented effort that seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching, learning, and creative expression within higher education. A collaboration between the NMC and ELI, the 2009 Horizon Report is the sixth in the annual series.

Each year, the Horizon Report describes six areas of emerging technology that will have significant impact on higher education within three adoption horizons over the next one to five years. “Campus leaders and practitioners alike use the report as a springboard for discussion around emerging technology,” noted Larry Johnson, chief executive officer of the NMC. “Over the six years that the report has been published, the impact on technology planning and discussions on campuses has been substantial. Now with six years of data to consider, we continue to look back at the overarching trends over time. What we see is that there are several long-term, conceptual themes that have affected, and continue to affect, the practice of teaching and learning in profound ways.” More than 75,000 copies of the 2008 Horizon Report were distributed in print and electronically last year.

According to EDUCAUSE President Diana Oblinger, “Learning, discovery, and creative expression are fundamental to higher education. Technology can help in each of those areas. But our community wants to know which emerging technologies are best for what uses. And, what examples demonstrate their potential? The Horizon Report addresses those critical questions.”
In defining the six selected areas for 2009 — mobile devices, cloud computing, geo-everything, the personal web, semantic-aware applications, and smart objects — the project tapped into an ongoing discussion among knowledgeable individuals in business, industry, and education, as well as published resources, current research and practice, and the expertise of the NMC and ELI communities. The Horizon Project’s Advisory Board probes current trends and challenges in higher education, explores possible topics for the report, and ultimately selects the technologies to be profiled.

To create the 2009 Horizon Report, the 45 members of the 2009 Advisory Board engaged in a comprehensive review and analysis of research, articles, papers, and interviews; discussed existing applications and brainstormed new ones; and ultimately ranked the items on the list of more than 80 technologies that emerged for their potential relevance to teaching, learning, and creative expression. The 2009 Advisory Board included representatives from eight countries — the United States, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Board members conducted most of their work online during the fall of 2008 using a variety of collaboration tools, including a special wiki dedicated to the project.

The 32-page 2009 Horizon Report is available at no charge and has been released with a Creative Commons license to facilitate its widespread use, easy duplication, and broad distribution.



Table of Contents

Executive Summary

■ Technologies to Watch
■ Key Trends
■ Critical Challenges
■ The Horizon Project

Time-to-Adoption: One Year or Less


■ Overview
■ Relevance for Teaching, Learning, Research, or Creative Expression
■ Examples
■ For Further Reading

Cloud Computing

■ Overview
■ Relevance for Teaching, Learning, Research, or Creative Expression
■ Examples
■ For Further Reading

Time-to-Adoption: Two to Three Years


■ Overview
■ Relevance for Teaching, Learning, Research, or Creative Expression
■ Examples
■ For Further Reading

The Personal Web

■ Overview
■ Relevance for Teaching, Learning, Research, or Creative Expression
■ Examples
■ For Further Reading

Time-to-Adoption: Four to Five Years

Semantic-Aware Applications

■ Overview
■ Relevance for Teaching, Learning, Research, or Creative Expression
■ Examples
■ For Further Reading

Smart Objects

■ Overview
■ Relevance for Teaching, Learning, Research, or Creative Expression
■ Examples
■ For Further Reading


2009 Horizon Project Advisory Board

Source and Full Text Available At


[] CommentPress / Web version


[] (53:44)

News Coverage

'Horizon Report' Names Top Technology Trends to Watch in Education / Steve Kolowich / The Chronicle of Higher Education / Wired Campus



Horizon Report 2008: The Video


The Horizon Report 2008: Social Operating Systems


Horizon Report 2007: Social Networking


Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Dissertation: Social Networking Sites and the Surveillance Society / Christian Fuchs

Social Networking Sites and the Surveillance Society. A Critical Case Study of the Usage of studiVZ, Facebook, and MySpace by Students in Salzburg in the Context of Electronic Surveillance / Fuchs, Christian. 2009. Salzburg / Vienna: Research Group UTI. ISBN 978-3-200-01428. 145 pp.

studiVZ, Facebook. MySpace: First study on social networking sites in Austria

674 students from Salzburg participated in the study that was conducted by the eTheory Research Group (University of Salzburg, ICT&S Center). 88.3% of the respondents use studiVZ, 39.5% Facebook, 15.9% MySpace, 9.0% Xing, 7.4%Lokalisten. Each of 61 other social networking sites (SNS) is used by less than 1%. Study author associate professor Christian Fuchs: "There are indications for a strong economic concentration in the area of social networking sites. On the one hand concerning usage, but as a consequence on the other hand also in relation to profits that are made by advertising".

59.1% of the respondents see the maintenance of social contacts as the biggest advantage of SNS, 55.7% say that economic and political surveillance is the greatest risk. Fuchs: "Students are very aware of the massive collection of personal data on these platforms, they use them nonetheless because of the expected communicative advantages. This does not mean that they are incautious, but that there is a structural lack of alternative platforms. Non-commercial, non-profit SNS do not have to evaluate data for personalized advertisements, therefore the probability of surveillance and data abuse decreases. But such platforms are currently hardly existent or completely unknown, therefore young people – the main usage group of social networking sites – have to rely on commercial service providers that collect, store, and evaluate personal data in order to accumulate profits by targeted advertising".

81.8% of the respondents have little knowledge about concrete data surveillance in Europe (e.g. the Data Retention Directive or the Austrian Security Police Act). But 67.4% have a critical standpoint towards surveillance. 88.7% of the studiVZ users have good or very good knowledge about what happens with their data on the platform. The same is true for only 35.9% of Facebook users and 22.6% of MySpace users. Fuchs: "Students are generally critical towards surveillance, but they only have little concrete knowledge about the existing political regulations. Users' rather high degree of knowledge about studiVZ and their rather critical information behaviour on this platform, contrast with knowledge and information behaviour on Facebook and MySpace. This can be explained by the change of the terms of use that studiVZ undertook at the beginning of 2008 and that introduced targeted advertising. The introduction was accompanied by a self-organized information campaign that students conducted on the platform and public discussions that presented studiVZ as the 'sniffleVZ' (=SniffleDirectory). This campaign can be interpreted as a form of fragmented public. Its success was very limited. Nonetheless it has resulted in the fact that many students have read the new terms of use and have opted out of standard advertising options, which was not the case on other platforms".

The study recommends that citizens see commercial Internet platforms that store and evaluate personal data generally critically and that by establishing special consumer protection websites it could be documented in the public, which rights in dealing with personal data such platforms obtain by their terms of use and their privacy terms. Christian Fuchs: "There are many examples for how affected citizens try surveilling the surveillors with the help of websites. This can pose a certain degree of protection by making use of public information, but also has limits because the basic problem is that we live in times, in which on the one hand there are strong commercial interests in data collection and data evaluation and on the other hand after 9/11 continuously more political steps have been taken for creating surveillance societies. These are political-economic problems, not technological ones".

The expertise of the study will be part of the Europe-wide research project "Living in Surveillance Societies" of the European Science Foundation, in which Christian Fuchs represents Austria in the management committee.

Priv.Doz. Dr. Christian Fuchs
Universität Salzburg
ICT&S Center
Sigmund Haffner Gasse 18
5020 Salzburg
+43 662 8044 4823



Full Text Available At

[] / English

[] / German


Brazil (The Film)


Monday, January 19, 2009

Dissertation: Taken Out of Context : American Teen Sociality in Networked Publics / danah boyd

Taken Out of Context: American Teen Sociality in Networked Publics / by danah michele boyd

A dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Information Management and Systems and the Designated Emphasis in New Media in the Graduate Division of the University of California, Berkeley / Fall 2008 / 406 pp.


As social network sites like MySpace and Facebook emerged, American teenagers began adopting them as spaces to mark identity and socialize with peers. Teens leveraged these sites for a wide array of everyday social practices—gossiping, flirting, joking around, sharing information, and simply hanging out. While social network sites were predominantly used by teens as a peer-based social outlet, the unchartered nature of these sites generated fear among adults. This dissertation documents my 2.5-year ethnographic study of American teens’ engagement with social network sites and the ways in which their participation supported and complicated three practices—self-presentation, peer sociality, and negotiating adult society.

My analysis centers on how social network sites can be understood as networked publics which are simultaneously (1) the space constructed through networked technologies and (2) the imagined community that emerges as a result of the intersection of people, technology, and practice. Networked publics support many of the same practices as unmediated publics, but their structural differences often inflect practices in unique ways. Four properties—persistence, searchability, replicability, and scalability—and three dynamics—invisible audiences, collapsed contexts, and the blurring of public and private—are examined and woven throughout the discussion.

While teenagers primarily leverage social network sites to engage in common practices, the properties of these sites configured their practices and teens were forced to contend with the resultant dynamics. Often, in doing so, they reworked the technology for their purposes. As teenagers learned to navigate social network sites, they developed potent strategies for managing the complexities of and social awkwardness incurred by these sites. Their strategies reveal how new forms of social media are incorporated into everyday life, complicating some practices and reinforcing others. New technologies reshape public life, but teens’ engagement also reconfigures the technology itself.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

1.1. My Project
1.1.1. Dissertation Organization

1.2. The Social Construction of Teenagers
1.3. Technology and Change
1.4. Locating Networked Publics
1.4.1. Public and Publics
1.4.2. Teenagers and Publics
1.4.3. Publics, Networked
1.5. The Structure of Networked Publics
1.5.1. Properties of Networked Publics

1.5.2. New Dynamics Resulting from Networked Publics

Chapter 2: Choose Your Own Ethnography

2.1. Ethnography in Context
2.1.1. Ethnography and the Internet

2.1.2. Networked Ethnography
2.2. My Field Site in and of Networks
2.2.1. From Youth to American Teenagers
2.2.2. From Networked Publics to MySpace and Facebook
2.2.3. From the United States to Teens’ Homes and IHOP
2.2.4. Locating Myself in My Field Site......

2.2.5. An Imperfect Field Site
2.3. My Data
2.3.1. Online Data and Observation

2.3.2. Interviews
2.3.3. Fieldwork in Less Structured Environments

2.3.4. External Data
2.3.5. Complexities of Online Data
2.4. Analyzing Relationships and Technology

Chapter 3: Social Network Sites and Social Media

3.1. The Rise of Social Network Sites
3.1.1. MySpace and Teens
3.1.2. Facebook and Teens
3.1.3. By the Numbers and in Practice
3.2. Participation in Context
3.2.1. Negotiating Multiple Communication Channels

3.2.2. Teen vs. Adult Social Media Practices

Chapter 4: Writing Oneself into Being

4.1. Locating Identity
4.2. Writing Identity into Being Online

4.3. The Art of Profile Creation and Management
4.3.1. Techniques for Self-Presentation
4.3.2. Bedroom Culture and Fashion

4.3.3. Varying Degrees of Participation
4.4. Self-Presentations in Context
4.5. Performing Falsehoods—Deception, Play, or Control?
4.5.1. Motivations for Providing Inaccurate Information

4.5.2. Legal and Technical Limitations
4.5.3. Safety through Inaccuracy
4.6. Controlling Access: Public or Private?
4.7. Managing Identity in Networked Publics

Chapter 5: Friendship, Status, and Peer Worlds

5.1. Peer Relations and Teen Friendship
5.2. Pressure to Participate: Signing Up and Opting Out
5.2.1. Pressure to Join
5.2.2. Failure to Engage
5.3. MySpace vs. Facebook: Social Categories and Networked Turf
5.3.1. Adoption Practices
5.3.2. Distinctions and Social Categories
5.3.3. Reinforcing Offline Social Categories
5.3.4. Status and Digital Fashion
5.4. Public Displays of Connection and Status

5.4.1. Strategies for Friending
5.4.2. Hierarchies of Friends
5.5. Status Battles and Peer Dramas

5.6. Peer Sociality in Networked Publics

Chapter 6: Power and Control

6.1. Social and Structural Controls
6.2. Contemporary Adult-Teen Dynamics
6.2.1. Household Dynamics
6.2.2. Engaging with Teachers, Youth Pastors, and Other Trusted Adults
6.3. Fears and Moral Panics
6.3.1. The MySpace Moral Panic
6.3.2. Teen Responses to a Culture of Fear

6.4. Access, Privacy, and Control
6.4.1. Restricting Access and Mobility

6.4.2. Limiting Privacy
6.4.3. Network Effects of Control
6.5. In the Pursuit of Freedom

Chapter 7: Lasting Impressions

7.1. Lessons from the Everyday Lives of Teens
7.2. The Significance of Publics
7.3. The Future of Networked Publics


Appendix 1: Brief Descriptions of Teens
Appendix 2: Features and Functionality
Appendix 3: Creative Commons License



dana boyd Links


Wednesday, January 14, 2009

Pew Report: Adults and Social Network Websites

Adults and Social Network Websites
1/14/2009 // Memo // Amanda Lenhart

The share of adult internet users who have a profile on an online social network site has more than quadrupled in the past four years -- from 8% in 2005 to 35% now, according to the Pew Internet & American Life Project's December 2008 tracking survey.

While media coverage and policy attention focus heavily on how children and young adults use social network sites, adults still make up the bulk of the users of these websites. Adults make up a larger portion of the US population than teens, which is why the 35% number represents a larger number of users than the 65% of online teens who also use online social networks.

Still, younger online adults are much more likely than their older counterparts to use social networks, with 75% of adults 18-24 using these networks, compared to just 7% of adults 65 and older. At its core, use of online social networks is still a phenomenon of the young.

Overall, personal use of social networks seems to be more prevalent than professional use of networks, both in the orientation of the networks that adults choose to use as well as the reasons they give for using the applications. Most adults, like teens, are using online social networks to connect with people they already know.

When users do use social networks for professional and personal reasons, they will often maintain multiple profiles, generally on different sites.

Most, but not all adult social network users are privacy conscious; 60% of adult social network users restrict access to their profiles so that only their friends can see it, and 58% of adult social network users restrict access to certain content within their profile.

Full Report Available




Tuesday, January 13, 2009

Webinar: The Social Library – Beyond the Traditional OPAC

The Social Library – Beyond the Traditional OPAC

Join Inmagic CTO, Phil Green, to learn about the next generation special library – The Social Library. Learn how the latest advances in Social Knowledge Networks are expanding the reach of libraries and enhancing collections through the integration of library workflow, information publishing and new social media capabilities.

See firsthand how Inmagic® Presto for Social Libraries is transforming libraries into collaboration centers where both the librarian and researcher contribute to the catalog in a controlled, secure environment. The creation of a SOPAC (Social Online Public Access Catalog) allows for secure two-way information exchanges. The result is enriched and improved content, providing the following benefits:

  • Improve productivity
  • Improve collaboration and community building
  • A ‘Single Source of Truth’ for your organization’s knowledge Transform the library from a cost center to productivity center

  • Greater return-on-investment from library and research assets

Date: Wednesday, January 28th 2009 / Time: 2pm - 3pm, EST

Space Is Limited - Register NOW!


News Coverage

Social Libraries: The Next Generation of Knowledge Management / Phillip Green / Information Outlook / 12 (12) / 12-08

[] [Complete Article Available to Subscribers]


Inmagic® Presto: A Social Knowledge Management Platform


Report: Enhancing Child Safety and Online Technologies

Enhancing Child Safety and Online Technologies

Final Report of the Internet Safety Technical Task Force to the Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking of State Attorneys General of the United States

Published January 14, 2009

Authored by John Palfrey, Dena Sacco, danah boyd, Laura DeBonis, Internet Safety Technical Task Force

The Internet Safety Technical Task Force was a group of Internet businesses, non-profit organizations, academics, and technology companies that joined together to identify effective tools and technologies to create a safer environment on the Internet for youth. It was created in February 2008 in accordance with the "Joint Statement on Key Principles of Social Networking Safety" announced in January 2008 by the Attorneys General Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking and MySpace. The Task Force was directed by the Berkman Center for Internet & Society. It submitted its Final Report to the Attorneys General in December, 2008.


The Internet Safety Technical Task Force was created in February 2008 in accordance with the Joint Statement on Key Principles of Social Networking Safety announced in January 2008 by the Attorneys General Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking and MySpace. The scope of the Task Force's inquiry was to consider those technologies that industry and end users - including parents - can use to help keep minors safer on the Internet.



Download the Final Report

The Internet Safety Technical Task Force was created in February 2008 in accordance with the Joint Statement on Key Principles of Social Networking Safety announced in January 2008 by the Attorneys General Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking and MySpace. The scope of the Task Force's inquiry was to consider those technologies that industry and end users - including parents - can use to help keep minors safer on the Internet.



Also Available As A Navigable Document


News Coverage

Chronicle of Higher Education / Wired Campus / January 13 2009 / Report Weighs the Benefits and Risks of Social Networks


New York Times / Internet / January 13 2009 / Report Calls Online Threats to Children Overblown


Thursday, January 8, 2009

New Book: Online Social Networking on Campus

Online Social Networking on Campus: Understanding What Matters in Student Culture

By Ana M. Martínez Alemán, Katherine Lynk Wartman
Price: $44.95
ISBN: 978-0-415-99020-2
Paperback (also available in
Published by: Routledge
Publication Date: 24th November 2008
Pages: 168

About the Book

In the era of such online spaces as Facebook, Instant Messenger, Live Journal, Blogger, Web Shots, and campus blogs, college students are using these resources and other online sites as a social medium. Inevitably, this medium presents students with ethical decisions about social propriety, self disclosure and acceptable behaviour. Because online social networking sites have proven problematic for college students and for college administrators, this book aims to offer professional guidance to Higher Education administrators and policy makers.

Online Social Networking on Campus: Understanding What Matters in Student Culture is a professional guide for Higher Education faculty and Student Affairs administrators, which rigorously examines college students’ use of online social networking sites and how they use these to develop relationships both on and off campus. Most importantly, Online Social Networking on Campus investigates how college students use online sites to explore and makes sense of their identities. Providing information taken from interviews, surveys and focus group data, the book presents an ethnographic view of social networking that will help Student Affairs administrators, Information Technology administrators, and faculty better understand and provide guidance to the "neomillennials" on their campuses.

Table Of Contents


Chapter 1 Introduction: Campus Life Online

Chapter 2 Emergence and Acceleration: Computer-Mediated Communication and the College Student

  • The rise of the technological generation and the construction of individual identity and college culture
  • Internet history and use
  • Development of online social networking sites
  • Social networking sites as cultural phenomenon: Generally and on campus
  • College Student Identity: Issues and research on online social networking sites
Chapter 3 Students Speak: Campus Culture, Identity and Facebook

  • Facebook Primer
  • What Students Report about Their Facebook Use
  • Student Portraits / Kris / Jordan / Teresa / Matthew
  • Our Observations

Chapter 4 The New Campus Reality: Facebook and Student Affairs Practice

  • Do Administrators Belong on Facebook?
  • Student Leaders as Cultural Translators
  • Orienting Students to Campus Culture, both Real and Online
  • Supporting Student Development in the Expanding Campus Community

Chapter 5 The Future of the Campus Social Graph

  • What is the future of online social networking on campus?
  • Changing demographic of Facebook and Online Social Networks
  • Global Growth
  • New Niche Users
  • Post Script



About the Author(s)

Ana M. Martínez Alemán is Associate Professor of Education and Chair of the Department of Educational Administration and Higher Education at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College. Her work has appeared in the Journal of Higher Education, the Review of Higher Education, Educational Theory, and Teachers College Record, and other scholarly journals. She has contributed to Women in Academe: The Unfinished Agenda (2008), Gendered Futures in Higher Education: Critical Perspectives for Change (2003) and Feminist Interpretations of John Dewey (2002). She is the co-author (with Kristen A. Renn) of Women in Higher Education: An Encyclopedia (2002).

Katherine Lynk Wartman is a PhD candidate at Boston College where her research interests include college student culture, the first-year experience, college access, and the parent-student relationship. She is also a resident director at Simmons College in Boston, MA and has served as Parent and Family Relations and Special Projects Administrator at Colby-Sawyer College. She is the co-author (with Marjorie B. Savage) of Parental Involvement in Higher Education; Understanding the Relationship among Students, Parents, and the Institution (2008), a volume in the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE) Higher Education Report Series.



News Coverage

‘Online Social Networking on Campus’ / Inside Higher Ed
/ JAN. 8 2009

Student affairs administrators are increasingly debating how to use Facebook and other social networking tools — and whether and how to monitor student use. A new book — Online Social Networking on Campus: Understanding What Matters in Student Culture (Routledge) — aims to offer some guidance. The authors are Ana M. Martínez Alemán, chair of educational administration and higher education at Boston College, and Katherine Lynk Wartman, resident director at Simmons College and a Ph.D. candidate at Boston College. Alemán responded to e-mail questions about the book.


Saturday, January 3, 2009

EPI Theme Issue: Social Networks

El Profesional de la Información / 17 (6) / November - December / 2008

Theme Issue: Redes Sociales


Redes sociales: ¿modelos organizativos o servicios digitales? / Juan Freire

We are social beings and we have been creating networks since our inception. The network represents a new paradigm for social and economic development that has been called the “Network Society”. People who use digital tools intensively are fragmenting their identity into multiple local and global networks. The social network services are a simplification and a restriction of the variety of social interactions. The combination of various Web 2.0 tools seems more interesting than the Facebook model.


Las bibliotecas universitarias y Facebook: cómo y por qué estar presentes / Didac Margaix

Over the past year, the popularity of social networking sites has seen tremendous-growth in Spain. Because of these networks’ everyday online ubiquity, the rising number of new users, and the integration of library applications, information professionals have taken a huge interest in social networking sites. This article analyzes the concept behind social networking sites, different types of these sites, the use of Facebook as an academic library, and the creation of Facebook pages as the best presence model for libraries. The final part of the article discusses how to create and promote a Facebook page and how to organize events on the web site.

Análisis estructural de una red social en línea: la red española de Flickr / José-Luis Ortega, Isidro-F Aguillo

This paper intends, from a structural point of view, to analyse the network of Flickr’s members who live or were born in Spain. The aim of the study is to know how the network evolves, what is its shape, what groups are detected and what uses are carried out within the network. We identified 663 Flickr members through a double snowball process and harvested their joining date, photos and contacts with a crawler. The results show that the users who joined Flickr in 2004 use the service as a communication medium among amateur photographers, while the subsequent members utilise Flickr as a real social network, using the photos as a way to express personal experiences, opinions and tastes

Animación de la evolución de la revista Social networks en el tiempo utilizando una extensión dinámica del escalado multidimensional / Loet Leydesdorff, Thomas Schank, Andrea Scharnhorst, Wouter de Nooy

This paper intends, from a structural point of view, to analyse the network of Flickr’s members who live or were born in Spain. The aim of the study is to know how the network evolves, what is its shape, what groups are detected and what uses are carried out within the network. We identified 663Flickr members through a double snowball process and harvested their joining date, photos and contacts with a crawler. The results show that the users who joined Flickr in 2004 use the service as a communication medium among amateur photographers, while the subsequent members utilise Flickr as a real social network, using the photos as a way to express personal experiences, opinions and tastes.

Evolución social y networking en la comunidad biblio-documental / Fernanda Peset, Antonia Ferrer-Sapena, Tomàs Baiget

Our society is increasingly interconnected through multiple types of networks, and human kind is changing their habits accordingly, adapting to the use of new technologies. We explore the psycho-social characteristics that determine people’s behavior through the communication channels. We discuss some structures of networking in the field of Library and Information Science: mailing lists, directories, etc. We conclude that the work of the information professional fits perfectly in the current wave 2.0 of information sharing.

Análisis de co-términos y de redes sociales para la generación de mapas temáticos / Sandra Miguel, Lorena Caprile, Israel Jorquera-Vidal

Improvement of the interfaces and search capacities of the opacs continues to be one of the main challenges for libraries, especially with regard to searching by subject. The visual interfaces can help with retrieval. This paper explores the combination of co-term analysis techniques with social networks for the generation of subject maps of collections. The main conclusion is that the methodology applied is valid, and that the maps could be used for browsing and subject retrieval. It would also be useful for improving the quality of indexing.



El campus de la Universidad Carlos III en Second Life / Francisco López-Hernández

Second Life is a three-dimensional virtual environment that many consider merely a game but it has enormous possibilities for e-learning and communication. There are academic libraries that are trying to take advantage of it; the Universidad Carlos III Library is one of them. This paper presents its project, with which it expects to anticipate that which very probably will be the future way of displaying information on the internet: 3D web.

Redes en bibliotecas digitales, una visión personal / Thomas Krichel

This is a personal introduction to the relationship between digital libraries and networks. I recall the way I came to the subject of networks. I describe the way that I have tried to harness networks for digital library building. And I point out some of the difficulties in networking digital objects and their descriptions indigital libraries

Introducción al análisis de redes /Antonio Perianes-Rodríguez, Carlos Olmeda-Gómez, Félix de Moya-Anegón

Despite its long existence and international acceptance, network theory and analysis is a practically unknown approach in Documentation, both theoretically and methodologically speaking. Fortunately, this trend is changing, inasmuch as network theory and analysis may mean a quantitative and qualitative leap forward in the representation and analysis of the structure of all types of scientific domains, whether geographic, thematic or institutional. The extraordinary advances that have taken place in recent years in the study and analysis of complex networks have been made possible by a number of parallel developments. First of all, with computerized data acquisition and handling, large databases can bemanaged, leading to the emergence of different real network topologies. Secondly, the increase in computing power has made it possible to explore networks with millions of nodes. Thirdly, there is the slow but sure breakdown of boundaries between disciplines. This can be seen by researchers because of their ability to access and use databases that facilitate an understanding of the generic properties of complex networks.

Facebook como red de profesionales de bibliotecología, documentación y
archivística en Iberoamérica / Alejandro Uribe-Tirado, Andrés-Felipe Echavarría-Ramírez

Results of a qualitative-quantitative analysis of the use that professionals and organizations related to librarianship, documentation and archives in Latin America are making of Facebook are compared with other social networking platforms. More than a tool for interacting with friends and family, it is suitable for creating community and establishing business and labor contacts. The analysis confirms the cultural and technological trend of people increasingly seeking “convergence”, defined as the ability to adapt and use a technological tool for a variety of purposes, using Facebook both as a means of social interaction (friends, relatives, fellow students, etc.) and for professional and labor interactions, thus taking on different roles.



Mark Zuckerberg, fundador de Facebook, en la Universidad de Navarra / Daniel Torres-Salinas


With more than a hundred million users, Facebook is one of the largest social networks in internet. For its promotion in Europe its founder, Mark Zuckerberg, made a tour of various countries. In this context, we offer a chronicle of the conference held at the University of Navarra in October 2008. During the conference, Zuckerberg talked about the history of Facebook and its main innovations, such as the news feed or its interoperability with other applications. The question and answer session included discussion of censorship of content by Facebook, the new interface, and competition with other social networks.

Redes, publicación científica e innovación en el LIS-EPI Meeting 2008 / Sílvia Redondo

Report on the 3rd International LIS-EPI Meeting 2008 which was held in Valencia, organized by the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (UPV), Profesional de la Información (EPI) and the Innovation department of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC). The topics covered were the knowledge nets, the repositories, the scientific journals and the web 2.0 and the innovation applied on contents and platforms.

Sobre la sociedad red / Antonia Ferrer-Sapena, Javier Guallar

Chronicle of the course “Network Society: Social Changes, Organizations and Citizens” (Barcelona, October 15-17 2008). The topics covered were the state of development on the Network Society, organizations, citizenry, communication and innovation.




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