El Profesional de la Información / 17 (6) / November - December / 2008
Theme Issue: Redes Sociales
Redes sociales: ¿modelos organizativos o servicios digitales? / Juan Freire
We are social beings and we have been creating networks since our inception. The network represents a new paradigm for social and economic development that has been called the “Network Society”. People who use digital tools intensively are fragmenting their identity into multiple local and global networks. The social network services are a simplification and a restriction of the variety of social interactions. The combination of various Web 2.0 tools seems more interesting than the Facebook model.
Las bibliotecas universitarias y Facebook: cómo y por qué estar presentes / Didac Margaix
Over the past year, the popularity of social networking sites has seen tremendous-growth in Spain. Because of these networks’ everyday online ubiquity, the rising number of new users, and the integration of library applications, information professionals have taken a huge interest in social networking sites. This article analyzes the concept behind social networking sites, different types of these sites, the use of Facebook as an academic library, and the creation of Facebook pages as the best presence model for libraries. The final part of the article discusses how to create and promote a Facebook page and how to organize events on the web site.
Análisis estructural de una red social en línea: la red española de Flickr / José-Luis Ortega, Isidro-F Aguillo
This paper intends, from a structural point of view, to analyse the network of Flickr’s members who live or were born in Spain. The aim of the study is to know how the network evolves, what is its shape, what groups are detected and what uses are carried out within the network. We identified 663 Flickr members through a double snowball process and harvested their joining date, photos and contacts with a crawler. The results show that the users who joined Flickr in 2004 use the service as a communication medium among amateur photographers, while the subsequent members utilise Flickr as a real social network, using the photos as a way to express personal experiences, opinions and tastes
Animación de la evolución de la revista Social networks en el tiempo utilizando una extensión dinámica del escalado multidimensional / Loet Leydesdorff, Thomas Schank, Andrea Scharnhorst, Wouter de Nooy
This paper intends, from a structural point of view, to analyse the network of Flickr’s members who live or were born in Spain. The aim of the study is to know how the network evolves, what is its shape, what groups are detected and what uses are carried out within the network. We identified 663Flickr members through a double snowball process and harvested their joining date, photos and contacts with a crawler. The results show that the users who joined Flickr in 2004 use the service as a communication medium among amateur photographers, while the subsequent members utilise Flickr as a real social network, using the photos as a way to express personal experiences, opinions and tastes.
Evolución social y networking en la comunidad biblio-documental / Fernanda Peset, Antonia Ferrer-Sapena, Tomàs Baiget
Our society is increasingly interconnected through multiple types of networks, and human kind is changing their habits accordingly, adapting to the use of new technologies. We explore the psycho-social characteristics that determine people’s behavior through the communication channels. We discuss some structures of networking in the field of Library and Information Science: mailing lists, directories, etc. We conclude that the work of the information professional fits perfectly in the current wave 2.0 of information sharing.
Análisis de co-términos y de redes sociales para la generación de mapas temáticos / Sandra Miguel, Lorena Caprile, Israel Jorquera-Vidal
Improvement of the interfaces and search capacities of the opacs continues to be one of the main challenges for libraries, especially with regard to searching by subject. The visual interfaces can help with retrieval. This paper explores the combination of co-term analysis techniques with social networks for the generation of subject maps of collections. The main conclusion is that the methodology applied is valid, and that the maps could be used for browsing and subject retrieval. It would also be useful for improving the quality of indexing.
El campus de la Universidad Carlos III en Second Life / Francisco López-Hernández
Second Life is a three-dimensional virtual environment that many consider merely a game but it has enormous possibilities for e-learning and communication. There are academic libraries that are trying to take advantage of it; the Universidad Carlos III Library is one of them. This paper presents its project, with which it expects to anticipate that which very probably will be the future way of displaying information on the internet: 3D web.
Redes en bibliotecas digitales, una visión personal / Thomas Krichel
This is a personal introduction to the relationship between digital libraries and networks. I recall the way I came to the subject of networks. I describe the way that I have tried to harness networks for digital library building. And I point out some of the difficulties in networking digital objects and their descriptions indigital libraries
Introducción al análisis de redes /Antonio Perianes-Rodríguez, Carlos Olmeda-Gómez, Félix de Moya-Anegón
Despite its long existence and international acceptance, network theory and analysis is a practically unknown approach in Documentation, both theoretically and methodologically speaking. Fortunately, this trend is changing, inasmuch as network theory and analysis may mean a quantitative and qualitative leap forward in the representation and analysis of the structure of all types of scientific domains, whether geographic, thematic or institutional. The extraordinary advances that have taken place in recent years in the study and analysis of complex networks have been made possible by a number of parallel developments. First of all, with computerized data acquisition and handling, large databases can bemanaged, leading to the emergence of different real network topologies. Secondly, the increase in computing power has made it possible to explore networks with millions of nodes. Thirdly, there is the slow but sure breakdown of boundaries between disciplines. This can be seen by researchers because of their ability to access and use databases that facilitate an understanding of the generic properties of complex networks.
Facebook como red de profesionales de bibliotecología, documentación y archivística en Iberoamérica / Alejandro Uribe-Tirado, Andrés-Felipe Echavarría-Ramírez
Results of a qualitative-quantitative analysis of the use that professionals and organizations related to librarianship, documentation and archives in Latin America are making of Facebook are compared with other social networking platforms. More than a tool for interacting with friends and family, it is suitable for creating community and establishing business and labor contacts. The analysis confirms the cultural and technological trend of people increasingly seeking “convergence”, defined as the ability to adapt and use a technological tool for a variety of purposes, using Facebook both as a means of social interaction (friends, relatives, fellow students, etc.) and for professional and labor interactions, thus taking on different roles.
Mark Zuckerberg, fundador de Facebook, en la Universidad de Navarra / Daniel Torres-Salinas
With more than a hundred million users, Facebook is one of the largest social networks in internet. For its promotion in Europe its founder, Mark Zuckerberg, made a tour of various countries. In this context, we offer a chronicle of the conference held at the University of Navarra in October 2008. During the conference, Zuckerberg talked about the history of Facebook and its main innovations, such as the news feed or its interoperability with other applications. The question and answer session included discussion of censorship of content by Facebook, the new interface, and competition with other social networks.
Redes, publicación científica e innovación en el LIS-EPI Meeting 2008 / Sílvia Redondo
Report on the 3rd International LIS-EPI Meeting 2008 which was held in Valencia, organized by the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (UPV), Profesional de la Información (EPI) and the Innovation department of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC). The topics covered were the knowledge nets, the repositories, the scientific journals and the web 2.0 and the innovation applied on contents and platforms.
Sobre la sociedad red / Antonia Ferrer-Sapena, Javier Guallar
Chronicle of the course “Network Society: Social Changes, Organizations and Citizens” (Barcelona, October 15-17 2008). The topics covered were the state of development on the Network Society, organizations, citizenry, communication and innovation.
Saturday, January 3, 2009
El Profesional de la Información / 17 (6) / November - December / 2008